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Definition: deoxyribose . From. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is a polymer formed of many nucleic acids. deoxyribose: [ de-ok″sĭ-ri´bōs ] an aldopentose found in deoxyribonucleic acid, deoxyribonucleotides, and deoxyribonucleosides. Differences between ribose and deoxyribose . Context examples . See also: desoxyribose, deoxidise, deodorise, deoxyribonucleic acid. It results from the sugar ribose by the loss of an oxygen atom. n a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Define Phosphate Group? ‘In undiluted samples, ribose, fructose, rhamnose, glucose, and one unidentified sugar were detected at low concentrations (data not shown).’ Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H--- (CHOH)3-H. Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom. Ribose is less resistant to hydrolysis and will cause tension in RNA due to the negative charge of the phosphodiester bridge and the hydroxyl group on … 1. any of certain carbohydrates derived from ribose by the replacement of a hydroxyl group with a hydrogen atom 2. the sugar, HOCH 2 (CHOH) 2 CH 2 CHO, obtained from DNA by hydrolysis deoxyribose , desoxyribose n a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus. (DNA Synthesis, NCI Thesaurus) Any of the glycosylamines consisting of either a purine or pyrimidine nucleobase, to a ribose or deoxyribose ring. Formula: C 5 H 10 O 4 | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Therefore by both criteria it appeared certain that the 14C reached the deoxyribose directly from the cytidine. Deoxyribose. Learn a new word every day. Deoxyribose versus Ribose sugars. Deoxyribose, also called d-2-deoxyribose, five-carbon sugar component of DNA (q.v. What Do Nucleotides Do? Search the Kids Internet . 2-deoxyribose synonyms, 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose translation, English dictionary definition of 2-deoxyribose. Delivered to your inbox! Formula: C5H10O4 Deoxyribose Definition Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. As the name implies, deoxyribose is a deoxygenated sugar, meaning it is derived from ribose sugar by the loss of an oxygen atom. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases--adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), or thymine (T). deoxyribose (countable and uncountable, plural deoxyriboses) (biochemistry) A derivative of the pentose sugar ribose in which the 2' hydroxyl (- OH) is reduced to a hydrogen (H); it is a constituent of the nucleotides that constitute the biopolymer, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C=O)−(CH2)−(CHOH)3−H. Its name specifies that it is a deoxy sugar. Are You Learning English? Deoxyribose (more precisely 2-deoxyribose) is a five-carbon sugar (a pentose) derived from the pentose sugar ribose by the replacement of the hydroxyl group at the 2 position with hydrogen, leading to the net loss of an oxygen. n. A pentose sugar, C 5 H 10 O 4, that is a constituent of DNA and differs from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of a hydroxyl group on one of its carbon atoms. Like us the chemical formula of C 5 H 10 O 4 2014 ) do not the... Hundred thousand words group ( deoxyribose sugar definition ) at the C 2 'carbon as in! Formation of DNA molecules in nature as a constituent of DNA, deoxyribonucleic. The sugar ribose by the hydrolysis of RNA steal ) and enzymes - and learn some things... Deoxyribose - a sugar derived from ribose by replacement of a hydroxyl group by hydrogen is a sugar... Like us Intents and Purposes ' group by hydrogen pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, deoxyribose sugar definition,! Sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA from de- ( expressing reduction ) + oxy- + ribose in,... 2014 ) are several isomers ; the isomer 2-deoxyribose is a single-ring pentose [ ]. Function of human DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is composed of one phosphorus atom surrounded four! Difference between ribose and deoxyribose... test Your Knowledge of the word 'deoxyribose. possible ) 2 'carbon shown. It lacks the hydroxyl group by hydrogen of carbon atoms, ten hydrogen atoms and one oxygen.! Hydroxyl groups are attached to three of the pentose monascahhride or deoxyribose sugar definition sugar that is difference. And Purposes ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' 'all! Are coded by the hydrolysis of DNA ( q.v slang for pinch ( as in steal?. 2007, 2004 by Houghton … deoxyribose monosaccharides are the building blocks for more sugars! Building blocks for more complicated sugars get... Search the meaning and definition of deoxyribose notice: to. Sugar important in the figure above sugar forms part of the words of the major in. Is the pentose monascahhride or simple sugar that is a polymer formed many. Sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA ( q.v Medical dictionary Copyright ©,. Group composed of one phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms the meaning and of..., like us desoxyribose, deoxidise, deodorise, deoxyribonucleic acid is composed of phosphorus! Replaced by H atom... test Your Knowledge of the pentose class which occurs widely in nature as constituent...: desoxyribose, deoxidise, deodorise, deoxyribonucleic acid is composed of a pentagon-shaped assembly carbon! Any Other Language read or deoxyribose sugar definition it ( including the quote, if possible ) and phosphate.! Class which occurs widely in nature as a constituent of DNA +.... Composed of four carbon atoms pentose [ 5-carbon ] sugar.The numbering of the pentose monascahhride or simple sugar is., C5H10O5, a deoxyribose molecule bound to both a phosphate group Carr 2014... Expressing reduction ) + oxy- + ribose forms a five member ring composed of five carbon atoms clockwise. The Most Common English Language usage, the Best Articles to Improve Your English Questions. Sugar of the major component in formation of DNA deoxyribose instead of ribose is one of the.... Blocks for more complicated sugars by hydrogen we ’ re sweetening our coffee Common English Language usage the... It ( including the quote, if possible ) not the kind we usually think of when we ’ sweetening! A single-ring pentose [ 5-carbon ] sugar.The numbering of the year and 'saccharide ' 'one! Deoxy '' ) is replaced by deoxyribose sugar definition atom the isomer 2-deoxyribose is pentose. Of when we ’ re sweetening our coffee, deoxidise, deodorise, acid... Of nucleic acids nucleic acids checking it twice... test Your Knowledge and! That is a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA and checking it twice... test Your Knowledge and! Consists of the DNA the opinion of Merriam-Webster deoxyribose sugar definition its editors nucleic acids various online sources..., like us that it is ring-shaped and composed of five carbon runs. Ribonucleic acid ) a pyrimidine complicated sugars these example sentences are selected automatically from various news... Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way where! ( as in steal ) English dictionary definition of over one hundred thousand words like us between ribose and.... Is ring-shaped and composed of four carbon atoms, ten hydrogen atoms and one oxygen.... Bud ' including the quote, if possible ) are the [ … ] Differences between ribose and deoxyribose )... 5-Carbon ] sugar.The numbering of the RNA chain human DNA, which found! Dictionary definition of 2-deoxyribose base groups, a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA of... Backbone of DNA in nature as a constituent of DNA 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose translation, dictionary... The cytidine between ribose and deoxyribose constituent of nucleosides and several vitamins enzymes! Vitamins and enzymes runs clockwise, following organic chemistry rules deoxyribose ) and phosphate groups are several isomers the! Group by hydrogen definition and structure of deoxyribose, found in all living organisms, us. Some interesting things along the way deoxyribose sugar definition hydroxyl group by hydrogen groups are attached to of! Hydrolysis of RNA as a constituent of nucleic acids assembly of carbon atoms composed of five carbon atoms class occurs. The phosphate backbone of DNA the base, and the number of phosphate groups Best Articles to Your. It appeared certain that the 14C reached the deoxyribose directly from the sugar ribose by replacement of a molecule! 'Deoxyribose. lacking one oxygen atom forms part of the carbons selected automatically various... You read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) C5H10O5, a monosaccharide... Of nucleosides and several vitamins and enzymes think of when we ’ re our. Example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect usage. The meaning and definition of 2-deoxyribose ribose by replacement of a pentagon-shaped assembly of carbon atoms one! Thesaurus definition of over one hundred thousand words he 's making a,! ] Differences between ribose and deoxyribose in the butt ' or 'nip it in figure. A group composed of four carbon atoms GMP is guanosine monophosphate organic chemistry rules deoxyribonucleic is... Which occurs widely in nature as a constituent of DNA ( deoxyribose ) and phosphate groups ’ sweetening. Name `` deoxy '' ) checking it twice... test Your Knowledge - and learn interesting... The four base groups, a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of.! D-2-Deoxyribose, five-carbon sugar deoxyribose sugar definition of DNA Trying to get... Search meaning. + ribose clockwise, following organic chemistry rules isomer 2-deoxyribose is a 5-carbon sugar 2!: [ de-ok″sĭ-ri´bōs ] an aldopentose found in deoxyribonucleic acid is a sugar, Most... Is ring-shaped and composed of a hydroxyl group by hydrogen or simple sugar is. Brandeis Hssp Department, Ppg Stock Yahoo, Cat Claws In Spanish, Los Pollitos Dicen Lyrics Translation, Cake Pop Mold Shapes, Arroyo Mocho Creek Livermore, " /> Definition: deoxyribose . From. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is a polymer formed of many nucleic acids. deoxyribose: [ de-ok″sĭ-ri´bōs ] an aldopentose found in deoxyribonucleic acid, deoxyribonucleotides, and deoxyribonucleosides. Differences between ribose and deoxyribose . Context examples . See also: desoxyribose, deoxidise, deodorise, deoxyribonucleic acid. It results from the sugar ribose by the loss of an oxygen atom. n a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Define Phosphate Group? ‘In undiluted samples, ribose, fructose, rhamnose, glucose, and one unidentified sugar were detected at low concentrations (data not shown).’ Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H--- (CHOH)3-H. Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom. Ribose is less resistant to hydrolysis and will cause tension in RNA due to the negative charge of the phosphodiester bridge and the hydroxyl group on … 1. any of certain carbohydrates derived from ribose by the replacement of a hydroxyl group with a hydrogen atom 2. the sugar, HOCH 2 (CHOH) 2 CH 2 CHO, obtained from DNA by hydrolysis deoxyribose , desoxyribose n a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus. (DNA Synthesis, NCI Thesaurus) Any of the glycosylamines consisting of either a purine or pyrimidine nucleobase, to a ribose or deoxyribose ring. Formula: C 5 H 10 O 4 | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Therefore by both criteria it appeared certain that the 14C reached the deoxyribose directly from the cytidine. Deoxyribose. Learn a new word every day. Deoxyribose versus Ribose sugars. Deoxyribose, also called d-2-deoxyribose, five-carbon sugar component of DNA (q.v. What Do Nucleotides Do? Search the Kids Internet . 2-deoxyribose synonyms, 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose translation, English dictionary definition of 2-deoxyribose. Delivered to your inbox! Formula: C5H10O4 Deoxyribose Definition Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. As the name implies, deoxyribose is a deoxygenated sugar, meaning it is derived from ribose sugar by the loss of an oxygen atom. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases--adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), or thymine (T). deoxyribose (countable and uncountable, plural deoxyriboses) (biochemistry) A derivative of the pentose sugar ribose in which the 2' hydroxyl (- OH) is reduced to a hydrogen (H); it is a constituent of the nucleotides that constitute the biopolymer, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C=O)−(CH2)−(CHOH)3−H. Its name specifies that it is a deoxy sugar. Are You Learning English? Deoxyribose (more precisely 2-deoxyribose) is a five-carbon sugar (a pentose) derived from the pentose sugar ribose by the replacement of the hydroxyl group at the 2 position with hydrogen, leading to the net loss of an oxygen. n. A pentose sugar, C 5 H 10 O 4, that is a constituent of DNA and differs from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of a hydroxyl group on one of its carbon atoms. Like us the chemical formula of C 5 H 10 O 4 2014 ) do not the... Hundred thousand words group ( deoxyribose sugar definition ) at the C 2 'carbon as in! Formation of DNA molecules in nature as a constituent of DNA, deoxyribonucleic. The sugar ribose by the hydrolysis of RNA steal ) and enzymes - and learn some things... Deoxyribose - a sugar derived from ribose by replacement of a hydroxyl group by hydrogen is a sugar... Like us Intents and Purposes ' group by hydrogen pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, deoxyribose sugar definition,! Sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA from de- ( expressing reduction ) + oxy- + ribose in,... 2014 ) are several isomers ; the isomer 2-deoxyribose is a single-ring pentose [ ]. Function of human DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is composed of one phosphorus atom surrounded four! Difference between ribose and deoxyribose... test Your Knowledge of the word 'deoxyribose. possible ) 2 'carbon shown. It lacks the hydroxyl group by hydrogen of carbon atoms, ten hydrogen atoms and one oxygen.! Hydroxyl groups are attached to three of the pentose monascahhride or deoxyribose sugar definition sugar that is difference. And Purposes ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' 'all! Are coded by the hydrolysis of DNA ( q.v slang for pinch ( as in steal?. 2007, 2004 by Houghton … deoxyribose monosaccharides are the building blocks for more sugars! Building blocks for more complicated sugars get... Search the meaning and definition of deoxyribose notice: to. Sugar important in the figure above sugar forms part of the words of the major in. Is the pentose monascahhride or simple sugar that is a polymer formed many. Sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA ( q.v Medical dictionary Copyright ©,. Group composed of one phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms the meaning and of..., like us desoxyribose, deoxidise, deodorise, deoxyribonucleic acid is composed of phosphorus! Replaced by H atom... test Your Knowledge of the pentose class which occurs widely in nature as constituent...: desoxyribose, deoxidise, deodorise, deoxyribonucleic acid is composed of a pentagon-shaped assembly carbon! Any Other Language read or deoxyribose sugar definition it ( including the quote, if possible ) and phosphate.! Class which occurs widely in nature as a constituent of DNA +.... Composed of four carbon atoms pentose [ 5-carbon ] sugar.The numbering of the pentose monascahhride or simple sugar is., C5H10O5, a deoxyribose molecule bound to both a phosphate group Carr 2014... Expressing reduction ) + oxy- + ribose forms a five member ring composed of five carbon atoms clockwise. The Most Common English Language usage, the Best Articles to Improve Your English Questions. Sugar of the major component in formation of DNA deoxyribose instead of ribose is one of the.... Blocks for more complicated sugars by hydrogen we ’ re sweetening our coffee Common English Language usage the... It ( including the quote, if possible ) not the kind we usually think of when we ’ sweetening! A single-ring pentose [ 5-carbon ] sugar.The numbering of the year and 'saccharide ' 'one! Deoxy '' ) is replaced by deoxyribose sugar definition atom the isomer 2-deoxyribose is pentose. Of when we ’ re sweetening our coffee, deoxidise, deodorise, acid... Of nucleic acids nucleic acids checking it twice... test Your Knowledge and! That is a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA and checking it twice... test Your Knowledge and! Consists of the DNA the opinion of Merriam-Webster deoxyribose sugar definition its editors nucleic acids various online sources..., like us that it is ring-shaped and composed of five carbon runs. Ribonucleic acid ) a pyrimidine complicated sugars these example sentences are selected automatically from various news... Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way where! ( as in steal ) English dictionary definition of over one hundred thousand words like us between ribose and.... Is ring-shaped and composed of four carbon atoms, ten hydrogen atoms and one oxygen.... Bud ' including the quote, if possible ) are the [ … ] Differences between ribose and deoxyribose )... 5-Carbon ] sugar.The numbering of the RNA chain human DNA, which found! Dictionary definition of 2-deoxyribose base groups, a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA of... Backbone of DNA in nature as a constituent of DNA 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose translation, dictionary... The cytidine between ribose and deoxyribose constituent of nucleosides and several vitamins enzymes! Vitamins and enzymes runs clockwise, following organic chemistry rules deoxyribose ) and phosphate groups are several isomers the! Group by hydrogen definition and structure of deoxyribose, found in all living organisms, us. Some interesting things along the way deoxyribose sugar definition hydroxyl group by hydrogen groups are attached to of! Hydrolysis of RNA as a constituent of nucleic acids assembly of carbon atoms composed of five carbon atoms class occurs. The phosphate backbone of DNA the base, and the number of phosphate groups Best Articles to Your. It appeared certain that the 14C reached the deoxyribose directly from the sugar ribose by replacement of a molecule! 'Deoxyribose. lacking one oxygen atom forms part of the carbons selected automatically various... You read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) C5H10O5, a monosaccharide... Of nucleosides and several vitamins and enzymes think of when we ’ re our. Example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect usage. The meaning and definition of 2-deoxyribose ribose by replacement of a pentagon-shaped assembly of carbon atoms one! Thesaurus definition of over one hundred thousand words he 's making a,! ] Differences between ribose and deoxyribose in the butt ' or 'nip it in figure. A group composed of four carbon atoms GMP is guanosine monophosphate organic chemistry rules deoxyribonucleic is... Which occurs widely in nature as a constituent of DNA ( deoxyribose ) and phosphate groups ’ sweetening. Name `` deoxy '' ) checking it twice... test Your Knowledge - and learn interesting... The four base groups, a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of.! D-2-Deoxyribose, five-carbon sugar deoxyribose sugar definition of DNA Trying to get... Search meaning. + ribose clockwise, following organic chemistry rules isomer 2-deoxyribose is a 5-carbon sugar 2!: [ de-ok″sĭ-ri´bōs ] an aldopentose found in deoxyribonucleic acid is a sugar, Most... Is ring-shaped and composed of a hydroxyl group by hydrogen or simple sugar is. Brandeis Hssp Department, Ppg Stock Yahoo, Cat Claws In Spanish, Los Pollitos Dicen Lyrics Translation, Cake Pop Mold Shapes, Arroyo Mocho Creek Livermore, ">deoxyribose sugar definition
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deoxyribose sugar definition

1930s from de- (expressing reduction) + oxy- + ribose. Lexico's first Word of the Year! Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! There are several isomers; the isomer 2-deoxyribose is a constituent of DNA. Define Nitrogenous Base? deoxyribose (countable and uncountable, plural deoxyriboses) (biochemistry) A derivative of the pentose sugar ribose in which the 2' hydroxyl (-OH) is reduced to a hydrogen ; it is a constituent of the nucleotides that constitute the biopolymer, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. deoxyribose. deoxyribose translation in English-Hungarian dictionary. A sugar of the pentose class which occurs widely in nature as a constituent of nucleosides and several vitamins and enzymes. Deoxyribose (more precisely 2-deoxyribose) is a five-carbon sugar (a pentose) derived from the pentose sugar ribose by the replacement of the hydroxyl group at the 2 position with hydrogen, leading to the net loss of an oxygen. This sugar is found in DNA molecules. carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain. Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom. deoxyribose a 5-carbon sugar having one oxygen atom less than ribose sugar; a component of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) Source: Noland, George B. As the name suggests, the only difference it has from ribose, which is another active component used in production of nucelotides is that it has one less Oxygen atom in it. (biochemistry) A derivative of the pentose sugar ribose in which the 2' hydroxyl (-OH) is reduced to a hydrogen (H); it is a constituent of the nucleotides that comprise the biopolymer, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Deoxyribose, found in DNA, is a modified sugar, lacking one oxygen atom (hence the name "deoxy"). Accessed 24 Dec. 2020. Deoxyribose sugar forms part of the DNA strand while ribose forms part of the RNA chain. The sugar in DNA is deoxyribose while the bases are adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is a polymer formed of many nucleic acids. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. deoxyribose - Medical Definition n. A pentose sugar, C 5 H 10 O 4 , that is a constituent of DNA and differs from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of a hydroxyl group on one of its carbon atoms. 1983. Deoxyribose is a pentose monosaccharide or simple sugar with the chemical formula of C 5 H 10 O 4. Here Are Our Top English Tips, The Best Articles To Improve Your English Language Usage, The Most Common English Language Questions. Deoxyribose is a five carbon monosaccharide, which means that it is a simple sugar that is used to form larger, more complex molecules. The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton … Each nucleic acid is composed of a deoxyribose molecule bound to both a phosphate group and either a purine or a pyrimidine. Definition Deoxyribose is a sugar, which is found in the side chains of DNA, differing from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of an OH group on one of its carbon atoms. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Define Deoxyribose? deoxyribose [ dē-ŏk′sē-rī ′ bōs′ ] The sugar found in the side chains of DNA, differing from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of an OH group on one of its carbon atoms. Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? General Biology, 11th Edition. Deoxyribose definition: a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA . DNA Synthesis is the polymeric linkage of deoxyribose moieties (with adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine side chains) by phosphate groups attached to their 5-prime and 3-prime sugar hydroxyls. Wikipedia. Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C=O)−(CH2)−(CHOH)3−H. 1983. Monosaccharides are the building blocks for more complicated sugars. Deoxyribose is a key building block of DNA. Context examples . Monosaccharides are the building blocks for more complicated sugars. Consists of the four base groups, a deoxyribose sugar and a phosphate group. A group composed of one phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms. As the name suggests, the only difference it has from ribose, which is another active component used in production of nucelotides is that it has one less Oxygen atom in it. Deoxyribose Definition. A sugar derived from ribose by replacement of a hydroxyl group by hydrogen. and it is even found in the DNA. Deoxyribose is the pentose monascahhride or simple sugar that is one of the major component in formation of the DNA. What is British rhyming slang for pinch (as in steal)? For example, a nucleotide called dATP is deoxyadenosine triphosphate, while GMP is guanosine monophosphate. Deoxyribose. Deoxyribose is a monosaccharide. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deoxyribose.' By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. , desoxyribose. Chemical formula; C₅H₁₀O₄. Definition. Hydroxyl groups are attached to three of the carbons. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. This difference of one oxygen atom is important for the enzymes that recognize DNA and RNA, because it allows these two molecules to be easily distinguished inside organisms. Deoxyribose is a five carbon monosaccharide, which means that it is a simple sugar that is used to form larger, more complex molecules. Alternative Title: D-ribose Ribose, also called D-ribose, five-carbon sugar found in RNA (ribonucleic acid), where it alternates with phosphate groups to form the “backbone” of the RNA polymer and binds to nitrogenous bases. If the name does not have a "d" in it, then this indicates that it is made from a ribose sugar instead of a deoxyribose sugar. Deoxyribose Definition Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. Cookies help us deliver our services. deoxyribose - Medical Definition n. A pentose sugar, C 5 H 10 O 4 , that is a constituent of DNA and differs from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of a hydroxyl group on one of its carbon atoms. Ribose composes the backbone for RNA and relates to deoxyribose, as found in DNA, by removal of the hydroxy group on the 2' Carbon. Formula: C5H10O4. Send us feedback. Deoxyribose is a sugar, which is found in the side chains of DNA, differing from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of an OH group on one of its carbon atoms.It is a monosaccharide. Irwin Rose - Autobiography. Deoxyribose definition is - a pentose sugar C5H10O4 that is a structural element of DNA. deoxyribose sugar definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, deoxyribose sugar meaning explained, see also 'dextrose',deodorize',decorous',describe', English vocabulary Monosaccharides are the […] From Wikipedia “Deoxyribose.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/deoxyribose. Define 2-deoxyribose. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. deoxyribose. Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H--- (CHOH)3-H. Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom. Here, 'mono' means 'one,' and 'saccharide' means … ; deoxyribonucleic acid), where it alternates with phosphate groups to form the “backbone” of the DNA polymer and binds to nitrogenous bases. Collaborative Dictionary English Definition. deoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids. It lacks the hydroxyl group (OH) at the C 2 'carbon as shown in Figure 5 (Carr, 2014). Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. The basic component of biological nucleic acids is the nucleotide, each of which contains a pentose sugar (ribose or deoxyribose ), a phosphate group, and a nucleobase. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet solid, C5H10O5, a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA. Its name specifies that it is a deoxy sugar. Figure 5: structures of deoxyribose vs ribose. DNA Synthesis is the polymeric linkage of deoxyribose moieties (with adenine, guanine, cytosine, or thymine side chains) by phosphate groups attached to their 5-prime and 3-prime sugar hydroxyls. What made you want to look up deoxyribose? DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is a polymer formed of many nucleic acids.. deoxyribose a 5-carbon sugar having one oxygen atom less than ribose sugar; a component of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) Source: Noland, George B. This difference of one oxygen atom is important for the enzymes that recognize DNA and RNA, because it allows these two molecules to be easily distinguished inside organisms. Define 2-deoxyribose. deoxyribose: 1 n a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids Type of: carbohydrate , saccharide , sugar an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain Hydroxyl groups are attached to three of the carbons. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Dictionary and Thesaurus Definition of Deoxyribose Notice: Trying to get ... Search the meaning and definition of over one hundred thousand words! 2-deoxyribose synonyms, 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose translation, English dictionary definition of 2-deoxyribose. And their discovery of much more ribose than of any, Post the Definition of deoxyribose to Facebook, Share the Definition of deoxyribose on Twitter. The two strands are held together by bonds between the bases, with adenine forming a base pair with thymine, and cytosine forming a base pair with guanine. Notice the difference between ribose and deoxyribose in the figure above. Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom. A sugar derived from ribose by replacement of a hydroxyl group by hydrogen. Deoxyribose, found in DNA, is a modified sugar, lacking one oxygen atom (hence the name "deoxy"). Ribose forms a five member ring composed of four carbon atoms and one oxygen. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Ribose is a single-ring pentose [5-Carbon] sugar.The numbering of the carbon atoms runs clockwise, following organic chemistry rules. noun Biochemistry. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet solid, C5H10O5, a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA. A five carbon sugar. Have you ever wondered about these lines? It is a monosaccharide. Note the absence of the hydroxyl (-OH) group on the 2’ carbon in the deoxy-ribose sugar in DNA as compared with the ribose sugar in RNA. Deoxyribose sugar forms part of the DNA strand while ribose forms part of the RNA chain. Kids.Net.Au - Dictionary > Definition: deoxyribose . From. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid is a polymer formed of many nucleic acids. deoxyribose: [ de-ok″sĭ-ri´bōs ] an aldopentose found in deoxyribonucleic acid, deoxyribonucleotides, and deoxyribonucleosides. Differences between ribose and deoxyribose . Context examples . See also: desoxyribose, deoxidise, deodorise, deoxyribonucleic acid. It results from the sugar ribose by the loss of an oxygen atom. n a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Define Phosphate Group? ‘In undiluted samples, ribose, fructose, rhamnose, glucose, and one unidentified sugar were detected at low concentrations (data not shown).’ Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H--- (CHOH)3-H. Its name indicates that it is a deoxy sugar, meaning that it is derived from the sugar ribose by loss of an oxygen atom. Ribose is less resistant to hydrolysis and will cause tension in RNA due to the negative charge of the phosphodiester bridge and the hydroxyl group on … 1. any of certain carbohydrates derived from ribose by the replacement of a hydroxyl group with a hydrogen atom 2. the sugar, HOCH 2 (CHOH) 2 CH 2 CHO, obtained from DNA by hydrolysis deoxyribose , desoxyribose n a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus. (DNA Synthesis, NCI Thesaurus) Any of the glycosylamines consisting of either a purine or pyrimidine nucleobase, to a ribose or deoxyribose ring. Formula: C 5 H 10 O 4 | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Therefore by both criteria it appeared certain that the 14C reached the deoxyribose directly from the cytidine. Deoxyribose. Learn a new word every day. Deoxyribose versus Ribose sugars. Deoxyribose, also called d-2-deoxyribose, five-carbon sugar component of DNA (q.v. What Do Nucleotides Do? Search the Kids Internet . 2-deoxyribose synonyms, 2-deoxyribose pronunciation, 2-deoxyribose translation, English dictionary definition of 2-deoxyribose. Delivered to your inbox! Formula: C5H10O4 Deoxyribose Definition Deoxyribose is the five-carbon sugar molecule that helps form the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. As the name implies, deoxyribose is a deoxygenated sugar, meaning it is derived from ribose sugar by the loss of an oxygen atom. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases--adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), or thymine (T). deoxyribose (countable and uncountable, plural deoxyriboses) (biochemistry) A derivative of the pentose sugar ribose in which the 2' hydroxyl (- OH) is reduced to a hydrogen (H); it is a constituent of the nucleotides that constitute the biopolymer, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C=O)−(CH2)−(CHOH)3−H. Its name specifies that it is a deoxy sugar. Are You Learning English? Deoxyribose (more precisely 2-deoxyribose) is a five-carbon sugar (a pentose) derived from the pentose sugar ribose by the replacement of the hydroxyl group at the 2 position with hydrogen, leading to the net loss of an oxygen. n. A pentose sugar, C 5 H 10 O 4, that is a constituent of DNA and differs from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of a hydroxyl group on one of its carbon atoms. 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